The Labor leader said his party would introduce more rigorous requirements for labour market testing to ensure business owners looked harder for Australians to fill vacant positions before trying to hire workers from overseas.
“The government’s first priority must be ensuring workers in Australia can find good local jobs and ensuring businesses are training and employing local workers,” Shorten said.
“Labor will also make sure businesses using significant numbers of temporary workers have a plan for training local workers.”
Shorten said over the weekend he did not want the Labor party losing support from its blue collar worker base in the same way the Democrats in the United States had done in the recent election.
He flagged a crackdown on the 457 visa program, saying he was concerned it was being exploited.
Shorten’s tougher rules for the 457 program include:
- A mandatory requirement for all jobs to be advertised as part of labour market testing obligations
- A requirement that jobs be advertised for a minimum of four weeks
- A requirement for labour market testing to have been conducted no more than four months before the nomination of a 457 visa worker
- A ban on job advertisements that target only overseas workers or specified visa class workers to the exclusion of Australian citizens and permanent residents
- A crackdown on job ads that set unrealistic and unwarranted skills and experience requirements for vacant positions, with the effect of excluding otherwise suitable Australian applicants
He said business sponsors in specified sectors who had more than a set proportion of their total workforce made up of 457 visa holders should be required to employ guest workers under a labour agreement instead of being a standard business sponsor.
In the first instance, that rule should apply to sponsors in the construction sector that had more than 15% of their workforce made up of 457 visa holders, and those with five or more 457 visa holders, he said.
On Sunday, Shorten said the loss of local jobs and inequality needed to be challenged.
He questioned whether the immigration system and guest worker schemes had led to foreign workers being exploited and locals missing out on jobs.
“What’s happening is we’ve got people coming to work in Australia, nearly 1 million people [or more] with temporary work rights and, in some cases, they’re getting ripped off and exploited, lowering wage outcomes and taking the jobs of nurses, motor mechanics, carpenters, auto-electricians,” he said on Sunday.
On Tuesday, Shorten said a Labor government would also like to strengthen the enforcement of licensing requirements and the skills assessment of 457 visa workers in occupations where it was mandatory to hold a licence, registration or membership.